Lower Chinook and Clatsop
Traditional Culture
  Since Time Immemorial
Who's Who
Village Life
Inter-Village Relations
Seasonal Round
"Celiast" and "Ilchee"
Intertribal Trade Network
Canoe People
References Cited

  Contemporary Culture
Environmental History
Cultural History
Recommended Websites

  Relationship with U.S.
  Early Coastal Exploration
Strangers Arrive
Maritime Fur Trade
Fort Clatsop Winter
Overland Fur Trade
Disease and Burial Customs
Fisheries, Missions, and Settlements
Shrinking Land Base
Making Treaties
Recognition and U.S. Relations
References Cited

Fort Clatsop > Culture > US References Cited

Beckham, Stephen Dow. Chinook Indian tribe: petition for federal acknowledgment. Lake Oswego, Or. : USA Research, 1987.

Bishop, Charles; Micheal Roe, Editor. The Journal and Letters of Captain Charles Bishop on the North-west Coast of America. The Hakluyt Society, Cambridge, England, 1967.

Catlin, George. North American Indians. (Being Letters and Notes on their Manners, Customs, and Conditions, written during eight years' travel amongst the wildest tribes of Indians in North America, 1832-1839.) Vol..2, London, 1880.

Center for Columbia River History website.

Cous, Elliott, Ed. The Manuscript Journals of Alexander Henry, Fur Trader of the Northwest Company, and of David Thompson Official Geographer and Explorer of the same Company, 1799-1814, Exploration and adventure among the Indians on the Red, Saskatchewan, Missouri, and Colubia Rivers. Vol. II, The Saskatchewan and Columbia Rivers. Ross & Haines, Inc., 1965.

DeSmet, P. Voyages aux Montagnes Rocheuses, et sejour chez les Tribrus Indiennes de L'Oregon. Bruxelles, 1873.

Dunn, John. History of the Oregon Territory and British North-American Fur Trade; with an Account of the Habits and Customs of the Principal Native Tribes on the Northern Continent. London: Edwards and Hughes, 1844.

Franchère, Gabriel. Narrative of a voyage to the northwest coast of America in the years 1811, 1812, 1813, and 1814; or, The first American settlement on the Pacific. New York, Redfield, 1854.

Gairdner, Dr. M. Detached notes, 1835. BC Provincial Archives.

Gibbs, George. Tribes of Western Washington and Northwestern Oregon. In U. S. Geographic and Geological Survey of the Rocky Mountain Region. Contributions to North American Ethnology, Washington, 1877.

Hajda, Yvonne P., Regional Social Organization in the Greater Lower Columbia. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Washington, 1984.

Howay, Frederic W. Voyages of the “Columbia" to the Norhtwest Coast 1787 – 1790 and 1790 - 1793. Oregon Historical Society and Massachusetts Historical Society, 1990.

Letter from Anson Dart to the Bureau of Indian Affairs in 1851. Adapted from McChesney, et. al. The Rolls of Certain Indian Tribes in Washington and Oregon.

Matheson, D. Notes on the history, social life, manners and customs of Indians in Western Canada. Collection F 62 and M 42. British Columbia Archives, Victoria (n.d.).

Moulton, Gary E., ed. The Journals of the Lewis & Clark Expedition. Vol. 7, U. of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, 1991.

Ruby, Robert H., and Brown, John A. The Chinook Indians, Traders of the Lower Columbia River. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, 1976.

Stuart, Robert; Kenneth Spaulding, Editor. On the Oregon Trail, Robert Stuart’s Journey of Discovery. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, 1953

Swan, James Gilchrist. The Northwest Coast, or Three Year's Residence in Washington Territory. New York, Harper, 1857; reprinted by University of Washington Press, Seattle, 1969.

Wilkes, Charles. Narrative of the United States Exploring Expedition, Vol 5. Lea & Blanchard, 1845.


Portion of 1881 Symons map “Department of Columbia"
Courtesy University of Oregon Library, Map & Aerial Photography Collection