Lower Chinook and Clatsop
Traditional Culture
  Since Time Immemorial
Who's Who
Village Life
Inter-Village Relations
Seasonal Round
"Celiast" and "Ilchee"
Intertribal Trade Network
Canoe People
References Cited

  Contemporary Culture
Environmental History
Cultural History
Recommended Websites

  Relationship with U.S.
  Early Coastal Exploration
Strangers Arrive
Maritime Fur Trade
Fort Clatsop Winter
Overland Fur Trade
Disease and Burial Customs
Fisheries, Missions, and Settlements
Shrinking Land Base
Making Treaties
Recognition and U.S. Relations
References Cited

Fort Clatsop > Culture > References Cited

Ames, Smith, Cornett, Sobel, Hamilton, Wolf, Raetz. Archaeological Investigations at 45CL1 Cathlapotle (1991-1996). U.S. Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service, 1999.

Bishop, Charles; Micheal Roe, Editor. The Journal and Letters of Captain Charles Bishop on the North-west Coast of America. The Hakluyt Society, Cambridge, England, 1967.

Broughton, William. A Sketch of the River Columbia Explored in His Majesty’s Arm’d Brig Chatham, Lieut. Broughton, Commander in October 1792. Oregon Historical Society, 1792. 1792

Coues, Elliott, Ed. New light on the early history of the greater Northwest. The Manuscript Journals of Alexander Henry, Fur Trader of the Northwest Company, and of David Thompson Official Geographer and Explorer of the same Company, 1799-1814, Exploration and adventure among the Indians on the Red, Saskatchewan, Missouri, and Columbia Rivers. Vol. II, The Saskatchewan and Columbia Rivers. Ross & Haines, Inc., 1965. [Reprinted from original 1897 publication.]

Dunn, John. History of the Oregon Territory and British North-American Fur Trade; with an Account of the Habits and Customs of the Principal Native Tribes on the Northern Continent. London: Edwards and Hughes, 1844.

Franchere, Gabriel. Hoyt, ed. Adventure at Astoria, 1810-1814. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1967.

Franchère, Gabriel. Narrative of a voyage to the northwest coast of America in the years 1811, 1812, 1813, and 1814; or, The first American settlement on the Pacific. New York, Redfield, 1854.

Gibbs, George. Tribes of Western Washington and Northwestern Oregon. In U. S. Geographic and Geological Survey of the Rocky Mountain Region. Contributions to North American Ethnology, Washington. 1877.

Glover, Richard, Editor. David Thompson’s Narrative, 1784-1812. The Champlain Society, Toronto, 1962.

Henry, Alexander and Thompson, David. Elliot, Coues (Ed.) New Light on the Early History of the Greater Northwest: The Manuscript Journals of Alexander Henry and David Thompson, 1799-1814. Volume II . The Saskatchewan and Columbia Rivers. New York: Francis P. Harper, 1897; Reprinted Ross & Haines, Inc., Minneapolis, 1965.

Hinds, Richard. Journal. (Manuscript No. 1524 at the Oregon Historical Society, Portland, Oregon) 1839.

Howay, Frederic W. Voyages of the “Columbia" to the Norhtwest Coast 1787 – 1790 and 1790 - 1793. Oregon Historical Society and Massachusetts Historical Society. 1990.

Huntington, J.V.. Reuben Thwaites, ed. Narrative of a Voyage to the Northwest Coast of America in the Years 1811, 1812, 1813, and 1814; or, the First American Settlement on the Pacific [by Gabriel Franchere, 1819]. In Early Western Travels.

Johnson and Winter. Route Across the Rocky Mountains. Princeton University Press, 1932. [Reprinted from 1846 edition.]

Kane, Paul. Wanderings of an Artist. Toronto, 1925.

Lee, Daniel and Joseph H. Frost. Ten Years in Oregon. J. Collard, New York, 1844. (Reprinted Ye Galleon Press, Fairfield, Washington, 1968; Arno Press, New York, 1973.)

Lewis, William S. and Naojir-o Murakami, Editors. Ranald MacDonald, the narrative of his early life on the Columbia under the Hudson’s Bay Company’s regime; of his experience in the Pacific whale fishery, and of his great adventure to Japan, with a sketch of his later life on the Western frontier, 1824-1894. Inland American, Spokane, Washington, 1923.

Moulton, Gary E., ed. The Atlas of the Lewis & Clark Expedition. Vol. 1, U. of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, 1983.

Moulton, Gary E., ed. The Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, Vol. 6. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln and London, 1990.

Parker, Samuel. Journal of an Exploring Tour Beyond the Rocky Mountains. Ithaca, N.Y., 1842.

Peterson, David. Celiast Smith: Pioneer Woman, Indian Woman. University of Oregon, 1991.

Ray, Verne F. Lower Chinook Ethnographic Notes. University of Washington, 1938.

Ross, Alexander. Map of Columbia. Explanation and Remarks of the Map of Columbia, 1849. Facsimile reproduction by Ellensburg (Washington) Public Library. 1821.

Ross, Alexander. Reuben Gold Thwaits, ed. Adventures of the First Settlers on the Oregon or Columbia River. In Early Western Travels. Cleveland: Arthur H. Clarke Co., 1904 (First published, London: Smith, Elder. 1849).

Ross, Alexander. Spaulding A, Kenneth, Ed. The Fur Hunters of the Far West. University of Oklahoma Press, 1956.

Scouler, John. Dr. John Scouler’s Journal of a Voyage to Northwest America. Quarterly of the Oregon Historical Society, 1905.

Slocum G, Robt. Matsen H, Kenneth. Shoto Clay, a Description of Clay Artifacts from the Herzog Site in the Lower Columbia Region. Oregon Archaeological Society, 1968.

Smith, Silas. ‘Primitive Customs and Religious Beliefs of the Indians of the Pacific Northwest Coast’. The Quarterly of the Oregon Historical Society, Mar-Dec 1901,V II, 29.

Stuart, Robert; Kenneth Spaulding, Editor. On the Oregon Trail, Robert Stuart’s Journey of Discovery. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, 1953.

Swan, James Gilchrist. The Northwest Coast, or Three Year's Residence in Washington Territory. New York, Harper, 1857.

Wilkes, Charles. Edmond S, Meany, Ed. Diary of Wilkes in the Northwest. University of Washington Press, Seattle, 1926.

Wilkes, Charles. Narrative of the United States Exploring Expedition, Vol 5. Lea & Blanchard, 1945.

Woodward, Arthur. Indian Trade Goods. Oregon Archaeological Society , Portland, 1965.

Background: Salal blossoms in May, Pacific County, Wa.
K. Lugthart photo.