Umatilla, Walla Walla & Cayuse
Traditional Culture
  Who's Who
Since Time Immemorial
All My Relations
Camp Life & Seasonal Round
Horses, Trade, & Travel
Cultural Continuity
References Cited

  Contemporary Culture
  Sovereignty & Tribal Government
Arts and Artists
Recommended Web Sites

  Relationship with U.S.
  Lewis & Clark and the Early Fur Trade
Establishment of Fort Nez Perces
Life at Ft. Walla Walla
Missionaries and Early Settlers
Making Treaties
The Shrinking Reservation
References Cited

Umatilla River > Culture > US References Sited
Brown, William C. The Indian Side of the Story. C. W. Hill Printing Co., Spokane, WA, 1961

Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, "History & Culture of the Cayuse, Umatilla and Walla Walla Indians." Downloaded from the World Wide Web April 4, 2002,

Cox, Ross. The Columbia River. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1957.

Douglas, David, John Davies, Editor Douglas of the Forests: North American Journals of David Douglas. The Shetland Times Ltd., England, 1980.

Elliot, T. C. "The Coming of the White Women, 1836." The Oregon Historical Quarterly, V. XXXVIII. Metropolitan Printing Co., Portland, OR. 1937.

Farnham, Thomas. An 1839 Wagon Train Journal: Travels in the Great Western Prairies, The Anahuac and Rocky Mountain, and in the Oregon Territory. Greeley & McElrath, Tribune Buildings, NY. 1843.

Franchere, Gabriel. Narrative of a Voyage to the Northwest Coast of America 1811-1814. New York, 1854.

Gairdner, M.D., Meredith. "Notes on the Geography of the Columbia River" Royal Geographic Society- Journal 11 Vol.XVIII (pp. 250-257). John Murray, London, 1841

Institute for the Development of Indian Law. Treaties and Agreements of the Indian Tribes of the Pacific Northwest. Deloria, Vine Jr., chair, IDIL, Washington D.C., 1973

Jessett, Thomas E. "Origins of the Episcopal Church in the Pacific Northwest," The Oregon Historical Quarterly, V. XLVIII. Metropolitan Printing Co., Portland, OR. 1947.

Johnson and Winter. Route Across the Rocky Mountains. Princeton University Press, 1932.

Josephy, Alvin. The Nez Perce Indians and the Opening of the Northwest. Yale U. P., New Haven, CT, 1965.

Kenneth A. Spaulding, editor. The Fur Hunters of the Far West. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman. 1956.

Kip, Lawrence. Indian Council at Walla Walla. F. C. Young, ed., U. of OR, Eugene. 1897.

Moulton, Gary E., ed. The Journals of the Lewis & Clark Expedition. Vol. 5, U. of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, 1991.

Nielsen, Jean C. "Donald McKenzie in the Snake Country Fur Trade, 1816-1821," from the Pacific Northwest Quarterly. University of Washington, Seattle, 1940.

Parker, Samuel, Rev. Journal of an Exploring Tour Beyond the Rocky Mountains Under the Dirction of the A.B.C.F.M. in the Years 1835, '36, and '37. 3rd ed., Mack, Andrus, & Woodruff, Ithica, NY. 1842.

Powell, J.W., director. The 18th Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, 1896-1897. Government Printing Office, Washington D.C, 1899.

Ross, Alexander. Kenneth A. Spaulding, editor. The Fur Hunters of the Far West. University of Oklahoma Press,1956.

Ruby, Robert H., Brown, John A. The Cayuse Indians: Imperial Tribesmen of Old Oregon. University of Oklahoma Press. 1972.

Stern, Theodore. "Cayuse, Umatilla, and Walla Walla." In The Handbook of North American Indians, V.12 Plateau. Smithsonian Institution, 1998.

Stevens, Isaac I. A True Copy of the Record of the Official Proceedings at the Council in the Walla Walla Valley 1855. Darrell Scott, ed., Ye Galleon P., Fairfield, WA 1996.

Trafzer, Clifford, ed. Indians, Superintendents, and Councils: Northwest Indian Policy, 1850-1855. U. P. of America, Lanham, MD, 1986.

Travis, Helga Anderson. The Nez Perce Trail. Franklin Press, Yakima, 1967.

Whitman, Narcissa. My Journal 1836. Ye Galleon Press, Fairfield, WA. 1982.

Screened background image: Old Fort Walla Walla, from lithograph by John Mix Stanley