Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara
Traditional Culture
  Who's Who
Since Time Immemorial
All My Relations
Village Life & the Turning of the Seasons
Great River
Eagle Trapping
References Cited

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  Relationship with U.S.
  Intertribal Trade
The Fur Trade
Story of a Medal
Making Treaties
The Shrinking Reservation
References Cited

Knife River > Culture > References Cited
References Cited
Knife River - U.S.

Abel, Annie Heloise, Editor; Wright, Rose Abel, Transl. Tabeau's Narrative of Loisel's Expedition to the Upper Missouri. University of Oklahoma Press, 1939

Abert, Col. J.J., w/ observations by J.N. Nicollet and J.C. Fremont Hydrographical Basin of the Upper Mississippi River 1843 Courtesy of the Library of Congress, Division of Maps

Audubon, John James; assembled by Maria Audubon, with notes by Elliot Coues. Audubon and His Journals. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1897

Bowers, Alfred W. Hidatsa Social and Ceremonial Organization. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 194. Washington, 1965.

Cash, Joseph H.; Wolff, Gerald W. The Three Affiliated Tribes" (Mandan, Hidatsa, Arikara). Indian Tribal Series, 1974

Catlin, George. The Manners, Customs and Condition of the North American Indians. Philadelphia: 1891

Catlin, George. Episodes from Life among the Indians, and Last Rambles.Edited by Marvin C. Ross. Norman, University of Oklahoma Press: 1959 pg. 354-355

Ewers, John C. The Indian Trade of the Upper Missouri before Lewis and Clark: An Interpretation. Missouri Historical Society Bulletin 10(4):429-446. 1954

Hayden, Dr. F. V. Contributions to the Ethnography and Philology of the Indian Tribes of the Missouri Valley. For the War Department, under the direction of Capt. William F. Raynolds, Philadelphia, 1862

Heidenreich, Virginia L. The Fur Trade in North Dakota. State Historical Society of North Dakota, 1990

Kurz, Rudolph Friederich. Hewitt, J.N.B., Editor; Jarrell, Myrtis, Transl. Journal of Rudolph Friederich Kurz. Ye Galleon Press; facsimile of 1937 publication by the Smithsonian Institution.

Linden-Museum Stuttgart. "In the River of Time" exhibit. Special thanks to Dr. Sonja Schierle

Malouf, Carling "Crow Flies High (32MZI), a Historic Hidatsa Village in the Garrison Reservoir Area, North Dakota" from Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 185, River Basin Surveys Papers, No. 29. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, 1963

Meyer, Roy W. The Village Indians of the Upper Missouri: The Mandans, Hidatsas, and Arikaras. University of Nebraska Press, 1977

Matthews, Washington. "Ethnography and Philology of the Hidatsa Indians." Department of the Interior, United States Geological and Geographical survey, F.V. Hayden, U.S. Geologist-in-charge. Government Printing office, Washington, 1877

Nasatir, A.P., Editor. Before Lewis and Clark: Documents Illustrating the History of the Missouri 1785-1804. St. Louis Historical Documents Foundation, 1952

Orser, Jr., Charles E. and Owsley, Douglas W. "Using Arikara Osteological Data to Evaluate an Assumption of Fur Trade Archaeology" in Plains Anthropologist, V. 27.3, Augstums Printing Service, Inc., Lincoln, Nebraska, 1984

Orser, Jr., Charles E. "Trade Good Flow in Arikara Villages: Expanding Ray's 'Middleman Hypothesis'" in Plains Anthropologist, V. 29, Augstums Printing Service, Inc., 1984

Point S.J., Nicolas. Wilderness Kingdom, Indian Life in the Rocky Mountains: 1840-1847. Loyola University Press, Chicago, 1967

Raynolds, Capt. William F. (1859-60 survey) with additions by Maj. Gillespie, Walter M. Camp, and Brig. General William C. Brown, Ret. Map of the Yellowstone and Missouri Rivers and their Tributaries. 1876.
Courtesy of South Dakota State Historical Society &#mdash; State Archives

State Historical Society of North Dakota Collections, Volume II. Bismark, Tribune State Printers, 1908 pp. 470-473

Stuart, Granville. Diary & Sketchbook of a Journey to "America" in 1866, & Return Trip up the Missouri River to Fort Benton, Montana. Dawson's Book Shop, Los Angeles, 193

Sullivan, Noelle and Vrooman, Nicholas Peterson. The Knife River Indian Villages, M-e Ecci Aashi Awadi. Theodore Roosevelt Nature & History Association, Medora, North Dakota, 1995

Thiessen, Thomas D. Charles McKenzie's Narratives of the "Missouri Indians": A New Transcription. National Park Service, Midwest Archaeological Center, Lincoln. 1980.

Thompson, David. David Thompson's Narrative. pp. 231-232. Champlain Society, Toronto, 1916.

Verendrye, Pierre Gaultier de Varennes de la. Burpee, Lawrence J., Editor Journal and Letters of Pierre Gaultier de Varennes de la Verendrye and his sons. The Champlain Society, Toronto, 1927

Washburn, Wilcomb E., Editor. Handbook of North American Indians, V.4 History of Indian-White Relations. Smithsonian Institution, 1988

Wheeler, Olin D. The Trail of Lewis and Clark, 1804-1806. G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1904 Two Volumes

Will, G. F. and Spinden H. J. "The Mandans: A study of their culture, archaeology, and language" from Papers of the Peabody Museum of American Archeaology and Ethnology. Cambridge, Mass., 1906

Wilson, Gilbert. Hidatsa Eagle Trapping. American Museum Press, New York. 1929.

Wood, Raymond W., Heidenreich, Virginia L., Ed. "Early Fur Trade on the Northern Plains" in The Fur Trade in North Dakota. State Historical Society of North Dakota, 1990

Wood, W. Raymond and Thiessen, Thomas D. Early Fur Trade on the Northern Plains: Canadian Traders Among the Mandan and Hidatsa Indians, 1738-1818. University of Oklahoma Press, 1985

W. Raymond Wood, "Plains Village Tradition: Middle Missouri" Handbook of North American Indians, V. 13, pt.2, Raymond Demallie, Plains Volume editor, Wm. Sturtevant, general editor. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 2001